JK NNI NEWS
Web desk May 14
Rape figures third in the number of cases of crime against women in Jammu and Kashmir, official data reveals, with assault and abduction topping the list.
Of the various sections of Ranbir Penal Code, second largest number of reported cases of crime against women is cruelty by husband and relatives.
In nearly all cases (98.4%), the offenders were known to the survivor of sexual violence.
The brief factsheet on the women in Jammu and Kashmir, accessed by Greater Kashmir also reveals an abysmally low rate of conviction of sexual offenders at a little over four percent. This is second lowest among the Indian states. Only West Bengal has a lower rate of conviction of rape offenders.
Acid attack on girls also figures among the list of the crimes against women. According to the government data more than one in every ten women (11%) has experienced physical or sexual violence. Among those who experienced violence since age 15, the most common perpetrator was the husband.
Nine percent women (ever married) have experienced spousal or sexual violence from spouse only 16 percent have sought help, 77 percent of the women never spoke about it, and only 4 percent sought help from police.
Out of the nine percent women (ever married) who have experienced spousal or sexual violence only 16 percent have sought help, 77 percent of the women never spoke about it.
Of those survivors who sought help only four percent went to police.
Low Political Representation
Political representation of women in state legislature is also very low, with just two elected members and two nominated members in the legislative Assembly of 87 members (4.59%). In the legislative Council, two women out of 34 amounts to just fewer than six percent.
According to the Economic Survey of 2017-18, the national average in India is nine percent.
Infant mortality rate for females is still high at 25 in 2016, although it has shown a marked improvement since 2005 when it was 55.
In other health and development indices like obesity, anemia and education women continue to be far behind men, although at the enrolment level more girls go to school than boys. Prevalence of heart disease among women is two times as high as men.
Painting a grim picture of the women empowerment in Jammu and Kashmir, the data says that only 9 percent of household are headed by women and 7 percent of the population is living in female headed households.
Jammu and Kashmir, the data says, has a history of sex ratio that is lower than the Indian national average at 889 females to every 1000 males according to census of 2011. Between 2001 and 2011, for the first time there was a decline in sex ratio from 900 to 889. As of 2017, child sex ratio is 917.